In 1984, President Ronald Reagan issued a proclamation declaring the week-long observance. This year’s theme is: MAKING CONNECTIONS WITH THE DEAF-BLIND COMMUNITY. The organization states:
“HKNC and its partners are engaging with people who are deaf-blind and making real connections. We all have the power to connect and create relationships that transcend any of our differences and bring enrichment to our lives and to our community.”
If you are facing challenges due to visual impairment or blindness, please contact SDCB to learn about the services we provide. We can help you regain some independence.
“Deaf-Blind Awareness Week, June 23 – 29, 2019”
Any honorably discharged Veteran who is living with blindness, low vision, or a disability that keeps them from reading traditional print can access talking books, audio magazines, and digital talking-book players for free. The Program mails participants the materials they select online; the NLS has an impressive catalog of best-sellers to classics.
For more information: Call the National Library Service at 1-888-NLS-READ (1-888-657-7323) or visit them on the web.
Please contact San Diego Center for the Blind if you require assistance. We offer several services for people living with visual impairments.
“Free Braille and Talking Book Program for Veterans”
“The main take home message is that cataract lens replacement may be associated with improved circadian rhythms, better cognitive performance and improved sleep,” said the study’s lead author, Dr. Sarah Chellappa, of Harvard Medical School in Boston.
If you or a loved one is struggling with vision loss, then please contact SDCB. We offer vision rehabilitation services that can improve people’s life quality.
“Lens replacement because of cataracts may improve sleep”
“I was scaling a patient and just going through my routine and I had one of the instructors come over and she was like, ‘You’ve missed everything,’ and I was like, ‘What are you talking about?’ and she was like, ‘Look here here, here and here,’ and I’m like, ‘I can’t see. I have no idea what you’re talking about,’” Allen recalled.
The setback forced her to consider quitting becoming a dental hygienist until her classmates came together to help. They started a GoFundMe to buy Savannah colorblind assisting glasses.
Are you dealing with a visual impairment? If so, we can help you regain some of your independence. Please contact us today to learn more.
“UC Blue Ash dental hygienist student sees color for first time thanks to classmates”
He hopes to make people living with vision loss more visible to the world.
"We are on the cusp of change but you rarely see a blind person on television unless it's about their condition. They're always completely blind and usually old and helpless.”
People experiencing vision loss can benefit from the programs and services offered at San Diego Center for the Blind. Please contact us today to learn more.
“How a blind photographer sees the world”
"I had a few obstacles but I had to shake it off," Bath told Good Morning America. "Hater-ation, segregation, racism, that's the noise you have to ignore that and keep your eyes focused on the prize, it's just like Dr. Martin Luther King said, so that's what I did."
Bath patented the Laserphaco Probe, short for "laser photoablative cataract surgery."
Contact SDCB to learn more about our vision rehabilitation programs. Our goal is to help men and women lead more independent lives.
“Cataract treatment inventor Dr. Patricia Bath dies at 76”
Ian is an 8-month-old puppy receiving lessons on how to be a guide dog for individuals living with vision loss. Last week, Ian and ten other Labrador retrievers (6 to 17 months old) descended upon John Wayne Airport in Orange County, CA. Guide dogs need to be comfortable in any place a blind person can go. Naturally, people waiting for their planes on June 1, 2019, had big smiles on their faces in response to the puppy parade.
“This is a wonderful journey,” said Joanne Russell, a volunteer co-leader who has raised nine puppies since 1996. “It’s great for the community. It’s great for the dogs. It’s great for the puppy raisers. In the end, it’s wonderful for the blind person. It gives them the freedom to do things on their own. They can have independence again.”
Please reach out to SDCB if you require assistance with vision loss. We offer several services that can improve your life quality.
“Puppies training to be guide dogs charm their way through John Wayne Airport”
“In the absence of direct sensory access, knowledge of appearance is acquired primarily through interface, rather than through memorization of verbally stipulated facts,” the scientists write.
We offer several programs that can significantly improve the lives of blind and visually impaired people. Please contact us to learn more.
“Scientists Discover How Blind People Know So Much About Appearances”
The Federal Transit Administration mandated the safety fixes.
If you are struggling with vision loss, please contact San Diego Center for the Blind today. We offer several vision rehabilitation programs.
“Metro set to finish 7000 Series safety fixes for blind riders”
“Cataract is highly treatable with early detection and access to quality eye care services,” said Jeff Todd, president and CEO of Prevent Blindness. “We encourage everyone to make healthy vision a priority today to preserve it for years to come.”
Please contact SDCB to learn more about our programs. We can help you regain some of your independence.
“Take Steps Today to Help Protect Eyes from Cataract”
“Prevent Blindness is an organization founded on saving sight in children, and the Bonnie Strickland Champion for Children’s Vision Award provides us with the opportunity to recognize the tremendous efforts of those dedicated to protecting vision and keeping eyes healthy for our kids,” said Jeff Todd, president and CEO of Prevent Blindness.
The deadline for submission is July 10, 2019. The award ceremony is Sept. 14, 2019, in Baltimore, MD.
Living with vision loss can severely complicate one’s life. However, we offer programs that help the blind and visually impaired regain their independence. Please contact SDCB to learn more.
“Prevent Blindness Issues Call for Nominations for Bonnie Strickland Champion for Children’s Vision Award”
Pandorum Technologies Pvt., a biotechnology company, is using 3D bioprinted cornea tissue to heal eye wounds. A research team is preparing for human pilot studies in 2020.
“We are working to close this gap using a bio-engineering approach through stage-wise development of a platform, which is ultimately aimed to liberate us from the dependencies on human donor cornea,” said Dr. Tuhin Bhowmick, co-founder of Pandorum with a Ph.D. from the Indian Institute of Science.
SDCB can help improve the lives of people living with blindness. Please contact us to learn more about our programs.
“3D Printed Cornea Tissue Aims to Tackle Blindness”
The Manning brothers were never deterred by vision loss. The name they chose for their company is apropos: Two Blind Brothers.
“We now have the unbelievable honor to be able to contribute to curing blindness,” said Bryan. “We do that by donating 100 percent of our profits back to retinal research, primarily through partners, like the Foundation Fighting Blindness.”
If you or a loved one requires assistance for vision loss, please contact SDCB today.
“Two Blind Brothers Defy The Odds To Make Fashion Dreams A Reality”
“I was born legally blind, but my vision was clear enough until I was 14. I was born with tunnel vision. I could see in front of me – but as I got older my visual acuity got worse.”
He is training hard for Japan; to compete in the upcoming games his team has to be one of the top two teams at the IBSA International Qualifier in Fort Wayne, IN, this summer.
Many people are faced with the medical field no longer being able to improve their vision. SDCB can help you take steps to promote your independence. Please contact us to learn more.
“Despite Blindness, Physical Trainer and Motivational Speaker Aims for 2020 Tokyo Paralympics”
“When they get Lego in their hands, it’s intuitive for them,” said Diana Ringe Krogh, who is in charge of the project for the Lego Foundation. “They learn Braille almost without noticing that they are learning. It is really a learning-through-play approach.”
SDCB’s comprehensive vision rehabilitation program is the next step to rebuilding your independence. Please reach out to learn more about our services.
“Lego Is Making Braille Bricks. They May Give Blind Literacy a Needed Lift.”
Some people may wonder, ‘how does Grace receive cues from the conductor?’ The answer involves her choirmates: who hold her hand and squeeze in different ways when it’s time for her to sing more loudly or quietly.
“It brings us all together. We’re all connected. We’re not just all standing there separated and singing. We’re all physically connected in a way and moving together,” said Ellie Holloway, who helped lay out the system that keeps Grace on her marks.
SDCB offers vision rehabilitation services that rebuild lives. Please contact us to learn more about our programs.
“Inspirational singer at Staley High succeeds in music despite total blindness”
A new photoset shows the average person what the world looks like through the lens of color blindness. The gallery was created by Lenstore for the organization Colour Blind Awareness.
SDCB can help you get back to doing many of the things you did when you were sighted. Please reach out to learn more about our programs.
“These Photos Show What SF Looks Like with Color Blindness”
“I have a soft spot for young people in that situation. The disability may kick into it too. Because I know there are a lot of disabled people who just don’t get a lot of choices. In the blind community, even now, the rate of literacy among blind children is only 10 percent. These are very disturbing facts for me, and I don’t think they get enough attention.”
Learning how to rebuild your independence is what we specialize in at the San Diego Center for the Blind. Please contact us to learn more.
“Navigating Blindness with Marcus Roberts”
University of California San Diego School of Medicine researchers revealed the importance of a specific genetic variation that affects expression of a gene that is partly responsible for new blood vessel growth. The genetic variation is the amount of VEGFA produced, which plays a role in AMD development.
"We didn't start with the VEGFA gene when we went looking for genetic causes of AMD," said senior author Kelly A. Frazer, PhD, professor of pediatrics and director of the Institute for Genomic Medicine at UC San Diego School of Medicine. "But we were surprised to find that, with samples from just six people, this genetic variation clearly emerged as a causal factor."
SDCB offers counseling, training, community education, outreach programs, and more. Please contact us to learn about our services.
“Personalized 'eye-in-a-dish' models reveal genetic underpinnings of macular degeneration”
“You think about the softball athletes around the country that can’t play at a low level,” said Baylor coach Glenn Moore. “She’s handicapped in that way and still plays at a very high level. It’s nothing short of phenomenal that she can do what she’s able to do.”
If you are struggling with vision loss, please contact SDCB. We offer several innovative programs that can help you regain independence.
“Dawson thriving for Baylor softball despite blindness in right eye”
Those in attendance will be treated to various presentations from a wide array of speakers. Prevent Blindness will also be presenting the 2019 Jenny Pomeroy Award for Excellence in Vision and Public Health to Cynthia Owsley, Ph.D., MSPH. The award is given to individuals and organizations that make significant contributions to the advancement of public health related to vision and eye health.
SDCB can help you, or someone you love, lead a more independent life. Please contact us to learn more.
“Prevent Blindness to Hold 8th Annual Focus on Eye Health National Summit”
“Celebrate Healthy Vision Month by encouraging young adults in your community to take steps to keep their eyes healthy today!”
San Diego Center for the Blind can guide you or a loved one toward living independently. Please contact us to learn more about our programs and services.
"Healthy Vision Month"
You may find it startling to learn that one in four women surveyed has not had an eye exam in the last two years. The finding is concerning, especially when you consider that two-thirds of all blindness and visual impairment cases involve women.
“We need to engage women in caring for their eye health,” says Mary Elizabeth Hartnett, MD, of the John A. Moran Eye Center. “Women may be less likely to access health care for themselves, for example, if they forego regular exams to manage family concerns or take care of others instead of themselves. My focus is retinal disease. It is important that everyone, including women, be aware of symptoms like floaters, light flashes, or distorted vision—all possible signs of more serious retinal conditions. That’s important because if we can intervene at an early stage, we can often prevent vision loss.”
The San Diego Center for the Blind offers many services that can significantly enhance the quality of life for individuals living with vision loss. Please contact us today to learn more.
“Women’s Eye Health: Why It’s Different”
Mani’s parents brought him to the United Kingdom at the age of four. His family hoped that western medicine could restore his sight. The operation that Mr. Djazmi had proved to be unsuccessful, unfortunately. However, the trip was the catalyst for moving to the UK, receiving an education, and discovering a passion for European football. Mani reports:
“While we were over for the operation, my parents heard about a mainstream school near the hospital that had excellent facilities and support for disabled children – including blind children. Although none of us could speak English at that stage, we decided to stay.”
His love for football and journalism would propel him on a life journey. Despite critics and naysayers, Mani was undaunted and continued striving for his goals. Blindness could not hold him back.
SDCB offers many service that can help you regain your sense of independence. Please contact us today to learn more.
“From blindness to the BBC: Djazmi’s football journey”
Neuroscientist Ione Fine from the University of Washington and colleagues explored the correlation between early onset blindness and precise hearing. Through the use of functional magnetic resonance (fMRI) imaging to examine the brain activity of participants listening to different frequencies. The analysis showed that blind people process tones in a “narrower, more accurate bandwidth” than sighted participants. Researcher Kelly Chang states that "Our study shows that the brains of blind individuals are better able to represent frequencies." She adds:
"For a sighted person, having an accurate representation of sound isn't as important because they have sight to help them recognize objects, while blind individuals only have auditory information. This gives us an idea of what changes in the brain explain why blind people are better at picking out and identifying sounds in the environment."
If you or a loved one is struggling with vision loss, then SDCB can help. Please contact us to learn more about our services.
SDCB’s vision rehabilitation services can improve the quality of life for people living with vision loss. Please contact us to learn more.
“New Brain Study Finally Explains Why Blind People's Hearing Works So Precisely”
The artist’s use of color is known to be a real challenge for those living with color vision deficiency. As an aside, it turns out that Georgia O’Keeffe struggled with macular degeneration later in life.
The San Diego Center for the Blind provides vision rehabilitation services and assistive technology guidance to legally blind adults who are age 18 or older. Please contact us to learn more.
“Georgia O'Keeffe Museum tackles visitors' color blindness”
Researchers at Capital Medical University, Beijing, caution badminton enthusiasts that shuttlecocks and the racquets of other players can lead to eye injuries. Even blindness!
“Use of protective eyewear is highly recommended, based on expert professional guidance, safety education and awareness of the ocular injuries that can occur,” says Dr. Yi Liu, the study co-author.
SDCB can provide vision rehabilitation services throughout San Diego County. Please contact us to learn more.
“Shuttlecocks can cause blindness, players told”
“The majority of our extras are blind. We do have multiple people on the cast who are blind as well, so you’re seeing them in a different light. You’re never encouraged to feel sorry for them - which I love,” says Mattfeld. “(Murphy) says multiple times, ‘I hate when people give me the pity and compassion crap. I don’t want that.’”
Preparing meals, paying bills, shopping, studying or working are obstacles that individuals who experience vision loss deal with each day. At SDCB we help men and women lead the most independent lives possible. Please contact us to learn more.
“'In the Dark' sheds light on life with blindness”
Good news! According to David Ramsey, MD, Ph.D., MPH, the answer to the above question is no! He says that the amount of light emitted is not enough to cause harm or lead to macular degeneration et al. Dr. Ramsey says:
“Compared to the risk from aging, smoking, cardiovascular disease, high blood pressure, and being overweight, exposure to typical levels of blue light from consumer electronics is negligible in terms of increased risk of macular degeneration or blindness.”
At SDCB, we help people living with vision loss meet everyday challenges. Please contact us to learn more about the services we provide.
“Will blue light from electronic devices increase my risk of macular degeneration and blindness?”
"It goes without saying that losing your eyesight is a devastating experience,” said Professor Dulcie Mulholland, Head of Department of Chemistry at the University of Surrey. “We believe that our results hint at possible future treatments for many degenerative eye conditions and it appears that nature still has many secrets to reveal."
Each day, students at SDCB reach their highest potential for confident, independent living. We can help you achieve your goals too. Please reach out to learn more.
“Nature could provide the answer for blindness caused by diabetes, say experts”
"The moment he could pull himself to reach the piano, he was playing the melody to 'Twinkle Twinkle Little Star,'" said Avett Ray's mom, Sara Moore. "Music is in his body.”
SDCB provides services to legally blind adults who are age 18 or older. Please contact us to learn more about our programs.
“6-year-old blind piano prodigy goes viral for "Bohemian Rhapsody" and other classic covers”
All of SDCB’s services utilize a specialized field of service, called Vision Rehabilitation, which plays a central role in addressing age-related vision loss. Please contact us to learn more.
“Prevent Blindness Declares April as Women’s Eye Health and Safety Month”
Sam Latif is Procter & Gamble’s special consultant on inclusive design, a new role at the company. She has a condition called retinitis pigmentosa, which stole her sight. Her job is to make sure the 1.3 billion people worldwide who have a disability can easily use cosmetic products.
“People think just because blind women can’t see, they don’t care about what they look like,” says Latif. “They think that the visually impaired don’t spend money on beauty products or can’t apply makeup so they’re not relevant to this industry.”
SDCB’s services help the visually impaired live a life doing many of the things they did while sighted. Please reach out to learn more.
“Blindness & Beauty: How Visually Impaired Women Are Changing an Industry That Ignored Them”
The runner, Thomas Panek, is also the president and CEO of Guiding Eyes for the Blind, an organization that has trained guide dogs for the visually impaired for decades. He started the “Running Guides" program in 2015.
"It never made sense to me to walk out the door and leave my guide dog behind when I love to run and they love to run," he said. "It was just a matter of bucking conventional wisdom and saying why not."
SDCB’s vision rehabilitation program is recognized for its effectiveness in helping people with no vision to those with changing vision return to an independent lifestyle. Please contact us to learn more.
“Blind runner, guide dog trio makes history in NYC Half Marathon”
BMAB President Todd Fahlstrom points out that Bozeman lacks hands-on activities for people living with vision loss. He says the ice carving is an opportunity for people to learn that vision loss doesn’t have to hold you back.
“There are very little things that are tactile that we can touch when you go to a museum,” said Fahlstrom. “Everything is behind glass, so how you do you experience that? So I wanted an event where we could actually have people come up to the ice and feel it. And so it will be cool to see. I have never felt braille in ice. So it will be a fun experience doing that today.”
Braille is a tactile writing system utilized by individuals who are visually impaired.
People living with vision loss are not alone; support and resources are available. Please contact SDCB to learn more.
“Ice sculptors carve braille designs for Bozeman chapter of blindness association”
“Age-related macular degeneration will constitute the lion’s share of this amount with a little over $16 billion. Diabetic retinopathy will be about $4.5 billion,” said Moshfeghi.
If you or someone you care about is experiencing vision loss, please contact the San Diego Center for the Blind. We offer many programs and services that can help.
“Social cost of retinal blindness in US will be billions of dollars by 2020”
"I think it's about understanding that blindness and mental health can come hand in hand... anxiety can be triggered from not being able to see people and not being able to see the world like everyone else.”
"But it's all about telling people that although there are challenges, it's possible to live a positive life despite having sight loss."
At SDCB, we help adults with blindness and vision impairment to be independent. Please contact us to learn more.
“Blindness and mental health can come hand in hand”
The design team created software called Smart Touch and hardware called Braille Buttons to help those living with vision loss. Chen Zhao, the research leader, says:
“We’re spoiled by technology, but there are so many people that are left out.”
If you require help with vision loss, please look into our rehabilitation and other services. We can help you regain some independence.
“Alibaba's Adhesive Buttons Help the Visually Impaired Interact With Smartphones”
The young, blind athlete is a Vision Hero for The Vision of Children Foundation. As an ambassador, Watt uses his experience to inspire other young people living with vision loss to pursue their goals.
“Vision loss is a diagnosis, not a disability,” said Adonis Watt. He adds that “If you’re passionate about something, go chase it.”
Please visit the SDCB store for a complete line of aids and appliances to increase independence for blind and vision impaired individuals.
“Blind football player with NFL dreams is the latest to join Vision of Children ‘Vision Heroes’”
The late inventor Seiichi Miyake made an enormous contribution to the vision loss community when he imagined sidewalks infused with Braille. Tenji blocks, or “braille blocks,” guide people living with blindness safely. Straight imply one is heading toward safe zones; elevated domes indicate treacherous traffic ahead.
SDCB helps people without vision to those with changing vision return to an independent lifestyle. Please contact our team to learn more.
“The Google Doodle Honoring Seiichi Miyake Will Make You Think About What's Under Your Feet”
Tactile art, on the other hand, allows people living with vision loss a chance to experience what everyone else is seeing. At the Leigh Yawkey Woodson Art Museum, there is a new permanent tactile art exhibit. "In Touch with Art: Tactile Sculpture" debuted March 2; it is a fixed exhibit, but art pieces will rotate periodically.
"I feel like tactile art can be every bit as dynamic and wonderful and creative as any visual art," said resident artist Ann Cunningham.
Preparing meals, paying bills, shopping, studying or working are challenges that must be faced and overcome by those who experience vision loss. SDCB helps people meet those challenges; please contact us to learn more.
“Woodson Art Museum introduces permanent tactile exhibit”
“To receive the Migel Medal is the quintessential lifetime achievement award in the blindness field, and to be a part of a nationally renowned group that includes Helen Keller is truly humbling,” Moore said.
SDCB vision rehabilitation programs are available to all—regardless of their disability or socioeconomic status. Please reach out to learn how we can help you regain your independence.
“NRTC current, former directors at MSU receive national honors for work in blindness field”
"So, we've made the functional nanoparticles, which is super exciting, and we're just optimizing them, but we are in the testing phase of actually starting to put them in contact lenses," said Danielle Tokarz of the Saint Mary's University Chemistry Department.
Masone says her company requires a $1.5 million investment to finish the project.
The San Diego Center for the Blind (SDCB) provides vision rehabilitation services to legally blind adults who are age 18 or older. Please contact us to learn more about our programs.
“New contact lenses could correct color blindness”
Actor Clementine Ford (“The L Word,” “The Young and the Restless”) shares that she dealt with MS symptoms for a decade, including sporadic vision loss, before she finally received a diagnosis from her doctor.
"It started when I was 19 or 20. I would lose sight in one of my eyes when I was jogging outside when it was hot," said Ford. People with MS can have adverse reactions to heat.
March is Multiple Sclerosis Awareness Month!
SDCB’s Assistive Technology Center and Store offer tools that can help you or a loved one become more independent. Please reach out to us to learn how we can help.
“The L Word” Actor Clementine Ford Shares What It's Like To Live With Multiple Sclerosis”
Shannon Reyenga has always been deaf, but she didn’t know that her hearing loss was the result of Usher syndrome. She has experienced poor night vision loss, a precursor to blindness in such cases, but was unprepared to learn she had the condition at a routine vision check-up at LensCrafters. Even though Reyenga’s boyfriend knew she was deaf from their first date, she struggled to share with him that she would eventually be unable to see.
“After I learned I had Usher syndrome, I thought I lost any chance of finding love. I struggled with the idea of finding someone willing to face this challenging diagnosis with me. I could hardly face it myself.
Is your vision changing? SDCB can help! Please contact us to learn more about our programs.
“Why I Didn’t Tell My Boyfriend I Was Going Blind Until I Absolutely Had To”
Today, Misrok is aided by high-tech glasses made by Aira. The spectacles do not restore a person’s vision; they allow Aira employees to see what the user should be seeing; operators guide people with vision loss through the use of a smartphone app. Several other assistive technologies exist that are making the lives of people living with blindness a little or a lot easier.
“Technology can be an extremely powerful tool for someone who is visually impaired if it is used along with a person’s other skills and abilities,” says Ryan Jones, a legally blind program manager with VFO Group, which helps companies become more accessible to users with disabilities. “These types of programs allow equal access to opportunities and careers for people who are visually impaired. They’re in just about every type of profession you can think of—except maybe airline pilot.”
Do you want to live as independently as possible? Please contact SDCB to learn how we can help you achieve that goal.
“A Vision Quest”
A seventh-grader placed first in the 2019 S.C. Regional Braille Challenge on February 7, 2019. Competing against 11 other students from across South Carolina, Brenson Baker won the Apprentice/Novice Level which included spelling, reading comprehension, and proofreading. The top-scoring 60 contestants in the United States are invited to compete in the final round in Los Angeles, CA, this June.
Do you know someone that requires our vision rehabilitation services and would like help? Please contact us to learn more about our programs.
“Brenson Baker wins first place at S.C. Regional Braille Challenge”
Aside from being the first African American to finish a residency in ophthalmology, Dr. Bath was the first female faculty member in the Department of Ophthalmology at UCLA. She is the co-founder of the American Institute for the Prevention of Blindness and invented the Laserphaco Probe in 1981. The device made cataracts treatments less painful and more precise.
SDCB helps people living with vision loss reach their highest level of independence. Please contact us to learn more.
“Black History: Bath brought sight to many”
“Music particularly, seeing him have that knack for it, it really gave me hope that he’s going to live a perfectly typical life,” said Levi’s mother. “Not just typical but extraordinary because he never ceases to amaze me. He can do just about anything a sighted kid can do and he’s very talented in so many ways. Whatever he wants to do he’s going to be able to do it.”
Throughout his short life, Mr. Gobin has had his share of struggles; being a blind person in a sighted world brings with it myriad complications. However, his motivation to continue moving forward has not waned. With the aid of music and other techniques, he can keep striving to achieve his goals.
SDCB offers assistive technology classes and vision rehabilitation training courses. Please contact us to learn more.
“Middle school student uses music to cope with blindness”
“I like to flip around,” Jasmine said.
Many cheerleaders can probably boast about a similar list of accomplishments. However, few can say that they achieve so many feats while legally blind. Ms. Jarrett can only see a couple of feet in front of her; she must hold her homework or exams two inches from her eyes to read it.
SDCB helps people living with vision loss learn how to build independence. We offer counseling, classes, support groups, and vision rehabilitation services. Please contact us to learn more about our programs.
"Rootstown Middle Schooler doesn’t let blindness slow her down"